What is Mitigation Banking?
Mitigation banking is the process of restoring streams, wetlands, and riparian buffers to compensate for unavoidable industrial impacts. When roads are built, subdivisions are erected, and other infrastructure developments take place, Federal and State regulations ensure that steps are taken to avoid, minimize, and offset environmental impacts. This process ensures that there is no net loss of environmentally sensitive areas. Once a stream or wetland has been restored to its natural state and function, a conservation easement is placed over the project area to protect the land in perpetuity.